What is Water Audit?
A water audit is a study of the water use of an entity. It starts at the point where water enters the premises and goes up to the point where the waste water is discharged, critically examining all aspects of use. The audit establishes the quantity/volume of water being used, wastage if any, leakages existing, excess use etc., and identifies areas where consumption can be reduced. It critically examines existing treatment systems and practices and recommends changes to improve efficiency and reduce usage. Based on this detailed study and observations, an audit gives recommendations on how to reduce wastage as well as consumption of water, improvements in treatment practices and methods along with cost benefit analyses. It also recommends the setting up of a system to maintain a record of the amount of water entering a system and to keep track of how this water is distributed and used.
Why is water audit required?
In most apartment complexes the maintenance costs are going high and one main cause is due to amount of money spent on Water. Typically this money is allocated to each unit based on square foot or Number of units , both of which do not reflect the actual charges , as it does not consider the actual usage, and hence this has become a debating point on how the water costs can be reduced, also “water” is becoming expensive day by day, if continued this way, the situation will become worst. In order better manage the water needs and have control, it is necessary to understand the process starting right from how the water enters the complex till the point it leaves the complex. Once the process is understood, it becomes easy to manage the water needs more efficiently and have better control.
Due to scarcity of water, apartments should focus on the three R’s - Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. This can happen only when there is a complete understanding of how water is used in the complex.
It simply is that water is a very scarce resource and is getting more so and hence needs to be studied with a view to conserving it and using it more sustainably.